5 Dec 2006

Genocides in Africa

genocidewww.dw-world.de/image/0,,715623_4,00.jpg Genocides In Africa there have been many genocides across the region, with the most notiable one in Rwanda in 1994 when over 8000,000 people dead in a brutal inter racial disputes.World leaders stated in a United Nation Meeting after the genocide in Rwanda that the would be no more Genocides, but did has not materialised. At This very moment Dafur in Sudan is going to through a genocide at the moment with the UN and G8 Leaders turning a blind eye to the canage.It think something has to be done because the peace agreement brokered by the AU has not stop Violence.FOrsake Of Humanity this senseless violences has to stop.Dafur Genocideimages.google.co.uk/images

4 Dec 2006

African Arts and Sculpture

Arts in Africa has great heritage with history over 6000years works in Nigeria to more recent contemporary art works and it constitutes to one of the most diverse legacies of culture on the planet, which most times expressed in spiritual and social visual displays.They are divided in two main parts Traditional and Contemporary Arts, arts in Africa can be expressed in so many forms such Performance arts, visual displays and sculpture.
Visual Arts
The characteristic of style mainly based on Texture,Materials and Colors.These components are essential in visual display to emphasis the innovation and abstractness of the work.
Performance Art
These is a physical or three dimensional representation of traditional and contemporary art form in performance context.
Mask Sculpture
These form consist of the carving of materials into a two dimensionally art work.

Arts in Africa show legacy of the civilization of Africa's culture past and future, the heritage of Africa arts has to be preserved so that next generation after us can have descriptions of who they are and who their ancestor were.



3 Dec 2006

Global Warming in Africa

Impact of Global Warming Global Warning in Africa has become the major issue in the region with serious climate changes and the inability of most countries to adapt because of poverty , Africa is the most Vulnerable continent . Signs

Signs of Climate changes are rampant across Africa such as spreading of diseases , Drought Prone areas, Desert encroachment in Areas, Melting of Glaciers on mountains,Sea level rising,Soaring temperature and Coral bleaching .Examples of this occurrences are as follows

  • "Senegal -- Sea level rise, Sea level rising has caused the loss of Coastal land in Rusfisque and flooding of near by towns.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania - Ice projected to disappear by 2020.the has been an estimated 82% disappearer of Kilimanjaros ice since 1912, with about one-third melting in just the last dozen years"
  • Malaria Outbreak in Kenya -Hundreds of people contacted malaria because of the breading habitat for mosquito (1997)
  • Forest fires in South Africa -- high Temperatures in South Africa caused forest fires in West coaster Region (2000)" (climate.org)

African countries need to help themselves by using environment friendly tool and machinery to protect their climate,plus African leader have to put pressure on the bigger polluting Nations to take the right step to stop Global Warming.

2 Dec 2006

Colonial Architecture in Africa

French architecture


Colonial Reign in Africa is commonly associated with Slave Trade, Exploitation of the resources ,Racism and segregation of the indigenous people. Nevertheless, there are Few benefits and legacy hallmark in architecture that where left behind.Colonial Architecture is visible in part of Africa from Togo to Namibia. In my travels across some part of Africa , I have come Across some Breathtaking Architectural Sites like the Governors Palace in Lome Togo built by the colonial German ruler in 1884 and the Old navy School in Lome built in 1905.So many of these architecture sites are still structurally sound and have been in use for many year. colonialism in Africa was not all bad because it brought about ubanism and the structures built were made for good use.google images

Economic Difference in Classes in Africa


The Economic different in classes African countries are mainly divided into two major groups the "Rich and Poor".



The rich class in African countries are just 2% of the population and they control 98% of the wealth in their respective economies . The rich hug the wealth of their nation between themselves through corruption and political power. For example the Ex.President of Nigeria Sani Abacha Amassed a Wealth of 3Trillion Niara (£20 billion pounds) through loot the countries funds.



The majority of the masses in African countries live in total poverty and many earn a maximum of One pound a hour at work

Nevertheless, some of the population are average classed whom can afford the basic amenities and a little more for their family this is a minimum average .

The Gap between the rich and the poor in most African countries is so larger that progress in the growth of the economy and living standards cannot reach a equilibrium .A change has to take place for the good of the continent and it people.


1 Dec 2006

Africa Unity

African Unity

The African Unity was established from its predecessor called Organisation Of African Unity , which was established in 1963 to promote cooperation between members states and economic growth, the initial members were 52 with its Head quarter in Add is Abba in Ethiopia. The OAU was later disbanded in 2002 and re named the African Unity , it was supposed to correct the major problems affect the OAU which is that it discussion on issues but could not implement results . I respects to the AU they have tried to be more determined and tried to implement their results on discussions , but it lack the authority to be taking really serious we international Organisation . they need to be more forceful with their decision to make a different in a trouble Continent Google Images

30 Nov 2006

Africa Movies (NollyWood)

nollywood movies


The Nigeria film industry known as "nollywood"has been growing for many years and now has been compared to the likes of Hollywood and Bollywood. The name Nollywood has uncertain origins ,but it seems to have been derived from Hollywood.The history of the film industry in Nigeria started in the 1970s with pioneer filmmakers such as Ola Balogun and Hubert Ogunde whom tried to produce motion features, but the industry really came into the limelight in 1992 with the movie called "Living in bondage" in local scene and on the international scene the movie "Osufia in London" in 2003.Movies in Nigeria are shot at different location around the country with distinct difference because of the different languages in the region. The Industry has come along way from make movies in the past with traditional video ,now movies are made by Digital Video Technology. Furthermore the industry has amassed over 250million Dollar in the past Decade and continuous to grow, with the average film costing a maximum of $10,000 and the average production of 1000 movies per month the skies are their limit for the movie industry in Nigeria.

I personally have been a fan since 1998 when i watched the movie "Domitilla" and i have continued to have interest in the movie industry,here are a few movies that i would recommend to watch.

Son of Devil
    Osufia in London
    Akin and Pawpaw

Here are a few Nollywood Stars

  1. Regina Askia
  2. Liz Benson
  3. Richard Mofe Damijo
  4. Omotola Jalade Ekeinde
  5. Desmond Elliot
  6. Jim Iyke
  7. Jide Kosoko
  8. Genevieve Nnaji
  9. Ramsey Tokunbo Nouah Jr
  10. Zack Orji
  11. Nkem Owoh
. Google Images http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ds6OYUv7n1o

powerofculture.nl www.youtube.com

29 Nov 2006

Tribalism in African Countries

tribalism in African Countries

Problem Facing Africa

The Problem Tribalism in africa has been a traditionally problem which instigated by the colonially diversification of power to the local indigenes.p>The Problem Tribalism in Africa has been a traditionally problem which was instigated by the colonially masters whom introduced the Indirect Rule or diversification of power to the local indigenous. This simple act has become the the foundation that has plagued African countries in the past and has continued to play a vital role in present Africa.

There was a time, not that long ago, when African leaders insisted that it was politically incorrect to discuss tribalism. Tribalism was the face of old Africa that the modernizers, inheriting their domains from the departing colonialists, refused to accept.(By Jonathan Power International Herald Tribune)

In fact some leaders and individuals in African countries have identified with the problem but have not taking any process to "President Moi of Kenya has characterized tribalism as a cancer. This is an accurate description of a demoralizing challenge that we face in Africa. Increasingly lately I have come to regard tribalism both as a cancer and also a tool that can be used to propel Africa to a new dimension of development".(hatford archives)


African tribalism is the foundation of many of the problem facing the growth and stability of the nations in the region, without some kind of unity and oneness in the mind set of the individuals ,be it leader or local the stability of the African region will never been accomplished.


  • www.iht.com/articles/2006/05/25/opinion/edpower.php
  • www.hartford-hwp.com
  • 28 Nov 2006

    Tourism in Africa

    Beauty in Within

    The Beauty of Africa is in its lands space, culture and natural resources that can used to produce goods and services. The nature resources of countries in the region have been utilized and exploited by the indigenous and the Western countries, but the other aspect have not be full explored. In the past Tourism have had minimum effect to the economic growth of the nation , but present countries in the region have started to reap the benefits of tourism , countries such as Kenya , Nigeria , Morocco , Tanzania , south Africa , Egypt.

    It is common knowledge that many foreigners from western countries are interested in coming to Africa for Holidays , but for many year the have been many hindrances like lack of security, politic violence and adequate facilities that have stopped inflow. Today's Africa are trying to reverse the trend, which has seen some kind of growth.

    Africa in Whole," the tourism in Africa grew an estimated 10 percent, much more than the global average of 5.5 percent. African countries showed good prospect in 2005 with increasing numbers of tourist, with the growth at 10 percent high in Africa. Tourism seem to be at last be taking some affect in the economy, "tourism which is one of the world's leading and most fast developing industries, is thus rapidly making an economic impact in Africa. Last year, an estimated 36.7 million tourists visited Africa, up from 33.3 million in 2004". (WTO Organisational journal)

    In conclusion tourism in Africa can be a big economic factor if managed well and with the increase in terrorist activities in in western countries tourism can be safe alternative.

    Notable Tourist Locations I Recommend

    • Obudu Cattle Ranch in Nigeria

    • Ngorongoro Crater highlands trekking in Tanazania

    • Le Meridien Makadi Bay Resort in Egypt

    • Costa Del Sol in Morocco


    23 Nov 2006

    Sport in Africa (Football)

    Passionate Fans

    Football in Africa

    Football in Africa can be describe as lively hood to many passionate supporters of the sport . The passion is shared from Tunisia in the north to Nigeria in the West.You'll know when an important football match is being played in Africa the nation you are in will literally come to a standstill. Everywhere you go in Africa you'll see young boys kicking around a football. Sometimes the balls will be made of plastic bags with string wrapped around it, sometimes it will be made of crumpled up paper. As long as it can be kicked, there will be a game. Nigeria the game is the number one sport and its reaches to over boundaries of religion , culture and tribes. It's the one thing that unites the nation at a given time ,and this is so across Africa.

    African football is developing with the majority of the national players have European clubs sides player such Didier Drogba, Obafemi Martins, Micheal Essien ,Samuel Eto Geremi " and some countries have taken up well established coaches like "Henri Micheal For Tunisia" . It not surprising the success they gain in the World Biggest Footballing competition "World Cup" , but also gained the prestige of Hosting the Competition in 2010.BBC


    22 Nov 2006

    High Profile Political Killings In Nigeria

    felix oteka nigeria


    Nigeria In Africa it has become a regular occurrences for political killings to take places . Especially in the new democractic countries whom political parties struggle for power in the respective nations . Countries like Nigeria have had a lot of high profile political killings.An increase in the number of killings of high profile political figures in recent months has sharpened fears in Nigeria of a violent and turbulent election period. While the cases described below are a sample of some of the more high profile killings in Nigeria, they do not constitute an exhaustive list.

    Marshall Harry
    On March 5, 2003, Marshall Harry, South-South Zone the national vice Chaiman of the largest opposition party in Nigeria, the ANPP, became the most senior national figure to have been victim of political killings since Justice Minister and Attorney General Bola Ige was killed in December 2001.

    Bola Ige
    While violence seems to have increased in the lead-up to elections, political killings are by no means only an election-related phenomenon in Nigeria. Federal Justice Minister and Attorney General Bola Ige was shot dead in his home in Ibadan, in the southwestern state of Oyo, on December 23, 2001. His killing was highest level politicial killing in Nigeria since President Obasanjo government came into power in 1999, and the case provoked a severe outcry in Nigeria".


    In conlusion

    Nigeria demonstrates the growing number of political violence in Africa and without international intervention it will continue to escalate.

    19 Nov 2006

    political manipulation in africa

    rigged election(opposition rejection) Election Malpractice's In election around Africa for the past few have been far from what one will would call smoothed transition.

    In the early 1990s saw a wave of competitive multiparty elections in Africa. These contests can be described as "founding" elections in the sense that they marked for various countries a transition from an extended period of authoritarian rule to fledgling democratic government. By the middle of the 1990s, this wave had crested. Although founding elections continued to be conducted in African countries that were latecomers to the political-reform bandwagon, they took place less frequently than earlier in the decade. Meanwhile, in countries that had experienced early regime change, expiring electoral cycles gave rise to a groundswell of "second" elections. Less glamorous than the landmark contests that gave birth to democracy, these events nevertheless held out the possibility that democratic routines might be deepened.

    In Africa countries such as Guinea , Nigeria, Liberia political manipulation in election is almost significant as the election . I.e for every election the have been allegation of election malpractice.

    In Guinea the Media Foundation for West Africa claims that Journalists Face Reprisals After Guinea Elections. Several independent journalists have been harassed and intimidated for reports on the controversial election that authorities didn't appreciate. The stories denounced what were described as widespread election malpractices. The publications were also accompanied by picture illustrations of underage children stuffing ballot boxes and women who had voted more than once. Reporters from Le Diplomate and Le Populaire were apparently targeted. In the 21 Dec. election, head of state Gen. Lansana Conté was overwhelmingly re-elected, according to official figures, in the face of the boycott of all major opposition figures. Interestingly, one of the article that aroused governmental fury alleged that the Senegalese President, Abdoulaye Wade, had offered his Guinean counterpart, President Lansana Conte, exile in Dakar. Police who interrogated [the author of the piece] accused him of jeopardizing the internal security of the state. Guinea is the only country in West Africa without any private radio or television stations.

    In Nigeria the response of Bush administration as well as media reports makes clear that Olusegun Obasanjo and his People’s Democratic Party (PDP) will be accepted as the legitimate victor in the recent Nigerian elections, despite widespread vote-rigging. When it suits them the United States and other western powers have raised their concerns about the legitimacy of an election in a developing country. In Nigeria, however, despite widespread reports of ballot box stuffing, under-age voting and 100 percent returns from some areas for the incumbent president, barely a murmur can be heard. In a short statement, the US government states, “Nigeria’s Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) on April 22 declared President Olusegun Obasanjo the victor in last Saturday’s presidential election” and “congratulates the overwhelming majority of the Nigerian people for what was a peaceful exercise of their right to vote in many parts of the country”. It merely calls for all complaints to be taken to “competent tribunals” to be considered “in a timely, impartial and transparent manner.” The New York Times initially labelled the elections as “botched”, described some of the “irregularities” and said that Nigeria could not “afford to ignore charges of regional disenfranchisement.” It has since dutifully toned down its criticisms, with an article on April 27 entitled “Nigeria Holds a ‘Credible’ Election. Is That Enough?” The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette ran an editorial headlined “Impressive but imperfect/Despite fraud allegations, Nigerian election is progress” while the Christian Science Monitor commented that “given Nigeria’s long history of military rule and rampant corruption, these elections were a relative success for civilian control of the country and for attempts to prevent voting fraud.”

    The Election process in Africa has been undermined by the continuous misuse of the political power of parties leaders, this has to stop for the democracy institution to grow and compare with Western or more established Democratic systems.


    google image

    African Music


    Music in Africa

    Music in Africa is the legacy of its people, its has been part of the culture for many Centuries. African music divided into different styles from different region in Africa, for example Western African Styles of Music are Afrobeats, JuJu, Apala,Forro , Highlife, Jive ,Fuji,Makossa etc.While Southern And Eastern African music styles are Marabi, masakanda,mbira,Reggaeton ,Kwela etc.The Northern and central African Styles are Al jeel, Congo music,Rai ,Shaabi ,BlocoAfro etc.African Music have gain World recognition for the different and unique sound, and most recently LadySmith Black Mambazo won a Grammy Award for Best World music

    In modern African music can been differentiated from more traditional music style because of the influence of Western music styles on them.Modern African music styles have personally been more appealing to me and many does in my generation , i hope the new music trend in Africa continues to expand in World market which will increased records sells and their recognition.

    This Is A List Of Artist and Songs I Recommend


    • Labaja
    • TooFace
    • Brenda Fassie
    • Lucky Dube
    • Tribes Men
    • Style Plus
    • Fela kuti


    Shake Body by Tribesmen

    Imagine That by Style Plus

    Suffering and Smiling By Fela kuti

    Fenefe by Tony tetuila


    18 Nov 2006


    Africa as a cotinent have seen many leader that come into politic power and cause canage and mayhem to its indigeous society.the share cruelty of many of the leaders have been documemnted for all to see , but it seem to not affected the injustice that takes place on a daily bases. leader such Samuel Doe of Liberia, Gen. Sani Abacha of Nigeria, Foday Sankoh of Sierra Leone have all played their roles in causing havoc. Tryants

    Gen. Sani Abacha of Nigeria

    General Sani Abacha, military officer and Nigerian head of state, was born on 20th September 1943 in Kano, Kano State in Nigeria. Abacha attended school in his home state before joining the army and enrolling at the Nigerian Military Training College in Kaduna (1962-63). Abacha's regime enforced its rule through the arrest, imprisonment and execution of dissenters, press censorship and the development of a police state. Amongst the more notable individuals detained by the regime were Chief Abiola, the would-be head of state who died in prison in July 1998; former head of state Olusegun Obasanjo; and environmentalist and journalist Ken Saro-Wiwa who was executed in 1995 despite intense international demand for his release. Saro-Wiwa was killed with eight other Ogoni colleagues from Nigeria's oil rich region who objected to the government's oil policies. Abacha's control of the army was maintained by purging army officers. A former vice president and army officer, Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, was also to die, in prison, in 1997.Sani Abacha amassed alot of wealthy for exploiting the countrys oil money ane purging in the national treasury for personal use.click here Tyrant

    Foday Sankoh of Sierra leone

    But what started as a high-minded idealistic movement to rid Sierra Leone of its military-backed corrupt politics quickly degenerated into a movement dominated by young and impoverished men seeking opportunities to loot the countryside and enrich themselves. They adopted methods of political banditry of stunning cruelty, specialising in terrorising communities by hacking off limbs of civilians, and abducting, raping and killing much of the rural younger generation.

    BBc images

    I think that the African societies have wake from the slobber of accepting leader has the come and stop the transition in power before it's to late

    16 Nov 2006

    African Icons

    Black Icon


    In a Continent that has some many Issues which affect it, such as religion ,political violence , Wars etc. It is really rear to find icons, but those whom have become icons have inspired a generation . Some of these icons whom have inspired me are Nelson Mandela , Rev Demond TuTu , Dr.Nnamdi Arkizkwe ,Ladysmith Black Mambazo musical band ,Fela Kuti etc.